Coweta County - Metro Atlanta Guidebook

A Look At The History Of Coweta County Georgia

At its beginning, our county was part of the Creek Nation, named for the tribe headed by William McIntosh, Jr. (above) -- the half-Scot, half-Creek who relinquished lands to the federal government in the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs. McIntosh was slain by an irate group of fellow Creeks at his home on the Chattahoochee River.
Calico Corner, Willow Dell and Bullsboro were early settlements around the newly established county seat of Newnan in 1828.
By 1840, the beginning of the golden era in the South, orderly streets lined with mansions and cottages reflected the growing prosperity of Coweta County.
At mid-century the railroads brought greater fortune and sophistication and saw the community nomenclature changing with Calico Corner becoming Grantville and Willow Dell became Senoia (named after the mother of William McIntosh, Jr.) ... Bullsboro disappeared.
The Male Academy and College Temple -- a prestigious school and the first to offer a Master of Arts for women -- were providing educational opportunities in Newnan.
The War Between the States caused a momentary tick in Coweta County's growth as sawmills fell silent, the railroads became part of the war effort and cotton production severely diminished.
The beautiful antebellum homes found throughout Coweta County are said to have survived because of superb craftsmanship, gallant restoration efforts and the strategies of Confederate General Joe Wheeler who routed brigades of Union troops in the July 1884 Battle of Brown's Mill. Wounded from both armies were treated in local churches, private homes, College Temple and the courthouse as they were turned into makeshift hospitals.
Coweta County's hardworking communities were resilient in the last quarter of the 19th Century and by the early 20th Century a surge in industrial development had been firmly established.
In the late 20th Century, Coweta County was seeing a boom in growth, but the enhancing beauty of the land and the generous spirit of the people of the County remained undiminished.

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